## Thursday, February 22, 2007

### How to solve the problem of Uttar Pradesh

Pratap Bhanu Mehta has a article in Indian Express where he says that the way forward, to break the gridlock of UP politics, is to break UP up into three small states. I think there is merit in this approach. In parallel, enlarging the state of Delhi to include NOIDA and Gurgaon would improve urban planning. NOIDA and Gurgaon are already suburbs of Delhi; it is time for this to be recognised in administrative arrangements. In a similar vein, a way to improve electricity distribution in Maharashtra is to enlarge the size of the footprint of BSES, and thus reduce the economic impact of MSEB. This idea works for the other two private distribution companies - Ahmedabad and Calcutta - also. To the extent that territory responds to performance, and is not a jagirdari, this would induce greater pressures to perform.

1. I think Mehta is correct. The Indian political system has matured over the years in dealing with the issue of new states. The original re-organization of states in the mid-1950s was violent and filled with fear about national unity being weakened. The recent birth of Uttarkhand, Chhatisgarh and Jharkhand was quite peaceful. All political parties in the state legislature agreed to the change and voted in favor of it. The central government simply ratified the decision. There is a similar consensus building up for a separate Vidarbha one day. There is no consensus in AP about Telengana.

In UP, it may take another round of bad government and 4 un-cooperative deadlocked parties in the state legislature before the political class turns to the idea of splitting the state. It is better that way, even if it delays change, since re-drawing boundaries is always a risky business and it is best to proceed after building consensus.

2. Dear,Friend
The State of Jharkhand came into existence on 15th November 2000 as the 28th state of India. Its name originates

from “ Jhar “ which means bushes and became popular during the British period. Earlier, majority of its area was

called Chota Nagpur which takes its origin from the land of Nagwanshis and find their description right from the

Indus Valley Civilization. The arc of cancer passes through its capital Ranchi. Now it has 4 commissionaires and

22 districts totaling an area of 79714 sq km with population of 2,69,09,428( 13th position in India ). The main

source of income is through mining activities.
Please note: LaTeX mathematics works. This means that if you want to say $10 you have to say \$10.